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YABO登陆手机版:隔熱涂料:建筑類英語詞匯大全

 二維碼 110
發表時間:2019-07-20 21:13


隔熱涂料:建筑類英語詞匯大全




A


design basis


設計依據


計劃建議書planning proposals

設計任務書design order

標準規范standards and codes

條件圖information drawing


設計基礎資料basic data for design

工藝流程圖process flowchart

工程地質資料engineering geological data

原始資料original data

設計進度schedule of design




B


stage of design


設計階段


方案scheme, draft

草圖sketch

會談紀要summary of discussion

談判negotiation

可行性研究feasibility study

初步設計preliminary design

基礎設計basic design

詳細設計detail design

詢價圖enquiry drawing

施工圖working drawing, construction drawing

竣工圖as built drawing




C


climate condition


氣象條件


日照sunshine

風玫瑰wind rose

主導風向prevailing wind direction

最大(平均)風速maximum (mean) wind velocity

風荷載wind load

最大(平均)降雨量maximum (mean) rainfall

雷擊及閃電thunder and lightning

颶風hurricane

臺風typhoon

旋風cyclone

降雨強度rainfall intensity

年降雨量annual rainfall

濕球溫度wet bulb temperature

干球溫度dry bulb temperature

冰凍期frost period

冰凍線frost line

冰凍區frost zone

室外計算溫度calculating outdoor temperature

采暖地區region with heating provision

不采暖地區region without heating provision

絕對大氣壓absolute atmospheric pressure

相對濕度relative humidity




D


general room name


常用房間名稱


辦公室office

服務用房service room

換班室shift room

休息室rest room (break room)

起居室living room

浴室bathroom

淋浴間shower

更衣室locker room

廁所lavatory

門廳lobby

診室clinic

工作間workshop

電氣開關室switchroom

走廊corridor

檔案室archive

電梯機房lift motor room

車庫garage

清潔間cleaning room

會議室(正式) conference room

會議室meeting room

衣柜間ward robe

暖風間h.v.a.c room

飯店restaurant

餐廳canteen, dining room

廚房kitchen

入口entrance

接待處reception area

會計室accountant room

秘書室secretary room

電氣室electrical room

控制室control room

工長室foreman office

開關柜室switch gear

前室antecabinet (ante.)

生產區production area

馬達控制中心mcc

多功能用房utility room

化驗室laboratory room

經理室manager room

披屋(閣樓) penthouse

警衛室guard house




E




roofing and ceiling


屋面及天棚


女兒墻parapet

雨蓬canopy

屋脊roof ridge

坡度slope

坡跨比pitch

分水線water-shed

二氈三油2 layers of felt & 3 coats of bitumastic

附加油氈一層extra ply of felt

檐口eave

挑檐overhanging eave

檐溝eave gutter

平屋面flat roof

坡屋面pitched roof

雨水管downspout, rain water pipe)(r.w.p)

匯水面積catchment area

泛水flashing

內排水interior drainage

外排水exterior drainage

滴水drip

屋面排水roof drainage

找平層leveling course

卷材屋面built-up roofing

天棚ceiling

檁條purlin

屋面板roofing board

天花板ceiling board

防水層water-proof course

檢查孔inspection hole

人孔manhole

吊頂suspended ceiling, false ceiling

檐板(窗簾盒) cornice




F




wall (cladding)


墻體


(外墻板)磚墻brick wall

砌塊墻block wall

清水磚墻brick wall without plastering

抹灰墻rendered wall

石膏板墻gypsum board, plaster board

空心磚墻hollow brick wall

承重墻bearing wall

非承重墻non-bearing wall

縱墻longitudinal wall

橫墻transverse wall

外墻external (exterior) wall

內墻internal (interior) wall

填充墻filler wall

防火墻fire wall

窗間墻wall between window

空心墻cavity wall

壓頂coping

圈梁gird, girt, girth

玻璃隔斷glazed wall

防潮層damp-proof course (d.p.c)

遮陽板sunshade

陽臺balcony

伸縮縫expansion joint

沉降縫settlement joint

抗震縫seismic joint

復合夾心板sandwich board

壓型單板corrugated single steel plate

外墻板cladding panel

復合板composite panel

輕質隔斷light-weight partition

牛腿bracket

磚煙囪brick chimney

勒腳(基座) plinth




G




floor and trench


地面及地溝


地坪grade

地面和樓面ground and floor

素土夯實rammed earth

爐渣夯實tamped cinder

填土filled earth

回填土夯實tamped backfill

墊層bedding course, blinding

面層covering, finish

結合層bonding (binding) course

找平層leveling course

素水泥漿結合層neat cement binding course

混凝土地面concrete floor

水泥地面cement floor

機器磨平混凝土地面machine trowelled concrete floor

水磨石地面terrazzo flooring

馬賽克地面mosaic flooring

瓷磚地面ceramic tile flooring

油地氈地面linoleum flooring

預制水磨石地面precast terrazzo flooring

硬木花地面hard-wood parquet flooring

擱柵joist

硬木毛地面hard-wood rough flooring

企口板地面tongued and grooved flooring

防酸地面acid-resistant floor

鋼筋混凝土樓板reinforced concrete slab (r.c slab)

乙烯基地面vinyl flooring

水磨石嵌條divider strip for terrazzo

地面做2%坡floor with 2% slope

集水溝gully

集水口gulley

排水溝drainage trench

溝蓋板trench cover

活動蓋板removable cover plate

集水坑sump pit

孔翻邊hole up stand

電纜溝cable trench




H




doors,glass,windows


門、玻璃、窗


木(鋼)門wooden (steel) door

鑲板門panelled door

夾板門plywood door

鋁合金門aluminum alloy door

卷簾門roller shutter door

彈簧門swing door

推拉門sliding door

平開門side-hung door

折疊門folding door

旋轉門revolving door

玻璃門glazed door

密閉門air-tight door

保溫門thermal insulating door

鍍鋅鐵絲網門galvanized steel wire mesh door

防火門fire door

(大門上的)小門wicket

門框door frame

門扇door leaf

門洞door opening

結構開洞structural opening

單扇門single door

雙扇門double door

疏散門emergency door

紗門screen door

門檻door sill

門過梁door lintel

上冒頭top rail

下冒頭bottom rail

門邊木stile

門樘側料side jumb

槽口notch

木窗wooden window

鋼窗steel window

鋁合金窗aluminum alloy window

百葉窗(通風為主) sun-bind, louver (louver, shutter, blind)

塑鋼窗plastic steel window

空腹鋼窗hollow steel window

固定窗fixed window

平開窗side-hung window

推拉窗sliding window

氣窗transom

上懸窗top-hung window

中懸窗center-pivoted window

下懸窗hopper window

活動百葉窗adjustable louver

天窗skylight

老虎窗dormer window

密封雙層玻璃sealed double glazing

鋼筋混凝土過梁reinforced concrete lintel

鋼筋磚過梁reinforced brick lintel

窗扇casement sash

窗臺window sill

窗臺板window board

窗中梃mullion

窗橫木mutin

窗邊木stile

壓縫條cover mould

窗簾盒curtain box

合頁(鉸鏈) hinge (butts)

轉軸pivot

長腳鉸鏈parliament hinge

閉門器door closer

地彈簧floor closer

插銷bolt

門鎖door lock

拉手pull

鏈條chain

門鉤door hanger

碰球ball latch

窗鉤window catch

暗插銷insert bolt

電動開關器electric opener

平板玻璃plate glass

夾絲玻璃wire glass

透明玻璃clear glass

毛玻璃(磨砂玻璃) ground glass (frosted glass)

防彈玻璃bullet-proof glass

石英玻璃quartz glass

吸熱玻璃heat absorbing glass

磨光玻璃polished glass

著色玻璃pigmented glass

玻璃瓦glass tile

玻璃磚glass block

有機玻璃organic glass




I




staircase, landing & lift (elevator)


樓梯、休息平臺及電梯


樓梯stair

樓梯間staircase

疏散梯emergency stair

旋轉梯spiral stair (circular stair)

吊車梯crane ladder

直爬梯vertical ladder

踏步step

扇形踏步winder (wheel step)

踏步板tread

檔步板riser

踏步寬度tread width

防滑條non-slip insert (strips)

欄桿railing (balustrade)

平臺欄桿platform railing

吊裝孔欄桿railing around mounting hole

扶手handrail

梯段高度height of flight

防護梯籠protecting cage (safety cage)

平臺landing (platform)

操作平臺operating platform

裝卸平臺platform for loading & unloading

樓梯平臺stair landing

客梯passenger lift

貨梯goods lift

客/貨兩用梯goods/passenger lift

液壓電梯hydraulic lift

自動扶梯escalator

觀光電梯observation elevator

電梯機房lift mortar room

電梯坑lift pit

電梯井道lift shaft


j






building material words and phrases


建筑材料詞匯及短語




bricks and tiles 磚和瓦

紅磚red brick

粘土磚clay brick

瓷磚glazed brick (ceramic tile)

防火磚fire brick

空心磚hollow brick

面磚facing brick

地板磚flooring tile

缸磚clinkery brick

馬賽克mosaic

陶粒混凝土ceramsite concrete

琉璃瓦glazed tile

脊瓦ridge tile

石棉瓦asbestos tile (shingle)

波形石棉水泥瓦corrugated asbestos cement sheet




lime, sand and stone 灰、砂和石

石膏gypsum

大理石marble

漢白玉white marble

花崗巖granite

碎石crushed stone

毛石rubble

蛭石vermiculite

珍珠巖pearlite

水磨石terrazzo

卵石cobble

礫石gravel

粗砂course sand

中砂medium sand

細砂fine sand




cement, mortar and concrete 水泥、砂漿和混凝土

波特蘭水泥(普通硅酸鹽水泥) portland cement

硅酸鹽水泥silicate cement

火山灰水泥pozzolana cement

白水泥white cement

水泥砂漿cement mortar

石灰砂漿lime mortar

水泥石灰砂漿(混合砂漿) cement-lime mortar

保溫砂漿thermal mortar

防水砂漿water-proof mortar

耐酸砂漿acid-resistant mortar

耐堿砂漿alkaline-resistant mortar

瀝青砂漿bituminous mortar

紙筋灰paper strip mixed lime mortar

麻刀灰hemp cut lime mortar

灰縫mortar joint

素混凝土plain concrete

鋼筋混凝土reinforced concrete

輕質混凝土lightweight concrete

細石混凝土fine aggregate concrete

瀝青混凝土asphalt concrete

泡沫混凝土foamed concrete

爐渣混凝土cinder concrete




facing and plastering materials 飾面及粉刷材料

水刷石granitic plaster

斬假石artificial stone

刷漿lime wash

可賽銀casein

大白漿white wash

麻刀灰打底hemp cuts and lime as base

噴大白漿兩道sprayed twice with white wash

分格抹水泥砂漿cement mortar plaster sectioned

板條抹灰lath and plaster




asphalt(bitumen) and asbestos 瀝青和石棉

瀝青卷材asphalt felt

瀝青填料asphalt filler

瀝青膠泥asphalt grout

冷底子油adhesive bitumen primer

瀝青瑪啼脂asphaltic mastic

瀝青麻絲bitumastic oakum

石棉板asbestos sheet

石棉纖維asbestos fiber




timber 木材

裂縫crack

透裂split

環裂shake

干縮shrinkage

翹曲warping

原木log

圓木round timber

方木square timber

板材plank

木條batten

板條lath

木板board

紅松red pine

白松white pine

落葉松deciduous pine

云杉spruce

柏木cypress

白楊white poplar

樺木birch

冷杉fir

櫟木oak

榴木willow

榆木elm

杉木cedar

柚木teak

樟木camphor wood

防腐處理的木材preservative-treated lumber

膠合板plywood

三(五)合板3(5)-plywood

企口板tongued and grooved board

層夾板laminated plank

膠合層夾木材glue-laminated lumber

纖維板fiber-board

竹子bamboo




metallic materials 金屬材料

黑色金屬ferrous metal

圓鋼steelbbar

方鋼square steel

扁鋼steel strap,flat steel

型鋼steel section (shape)

槽鋼channel

角鋼angle steel

等邊角鋼equal-leg angle

不等邊角鋼unequal-leg angle

工字鋼i-beam

寬翼緣工字鋼wide flange i-beam

丁(之)字鋼t-bar (z-bar)

冷彎薄壁型鋼light gauge cold-formed steel shape

熱軋hot-rolled

冷軋cold-rolled

冷拉cold-drawn

冷壓cold-pressed

合金鋼alloy steel

鈦合金titanium alloy

不銹鋼stainless steel

竹節鋼筋corrugated steel bar

變形鋼筋deformed bar

光圓鋼筋plain round bar

鋼板steel plate

薄鋼板thin steel plate

低碳鋼low carbon steel

冷彎cold bending

鋼管steel pipe (tube)

無縫鋼管seamless steel pipe

焊接鋼管welded steel pipe

黑鐵管iron pipe

鍍鋅鋼管galvanized steel pipe

鑄鐵cast iron

生鐵pig iron

熟鐵wrought iron

鍍鋅鐵皮galvanized steel sheet

鍍鋅鐵絲galvanized steel wire

鋼絲網steel wire mesh

多孔金屬網expanded metal

錳鋼managanese steel

高強度合金鋼high strength alloy steel




non-ferrous metal 有色金屬

金gold

白金platinum

銅copper

黃銅brass

青銅bronze

銀silver

鋁aluminum

鉛lead




anti-corrosion materials 防腐蝕材料

聚乙烯polythene, polyethylene

尼龍nylon

聚氯乙烯pvc (polyvinyl chloride)

聚碳酸酯polycarbonate

聚苯乙烯polystyrene

丙烯酸樹酯acrylic resin

乙烯基酯vinyl ester

橡膠內襯rubber lining

氯丁橡膠neoprene

瀝青漆bitumen paint

環氧樹脂漆epoxy resin paint

氧化鋅底漆zinc oxide primer

防銹漆anti-rust paint

耐酸漆acid-resistant paint

耐堿漆alkali-resistant paint

水玻璃sodium silicate

樹脂砂漿resin-bonded mortar

環氧樹脂epoxy resin



building hardware 建筑五金

釘子nails

螺紋屋面釘spiral-threaded roofing nail

環紋石膏板釘annular-ring gypsum board nail

螺絲screws

平頭螺絲flat-head screw

螺栓bolt

普通螺栓commercial bolt

高強螺栓high strength bolt

預埋螺栓insert bolt

脹錨螺栓cinch bolt

墊片washer




paint 油漆

底漆primer

防銹底漆rust-inhibitive primer

防腐漆anti-corrosion paint

調和漆mixed paint

無光漆flat paint

透明漆varnish

銀粉漆aluminum paint

磁漆enamel paint

干性油drying oil

稀釋劑thinner

焦油tar

瀝青漆asphalt paint

桐油tung oil, chinese wood oil

紅丹red lead

鉛油lead oil


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